LA COMPÉTENCE INTERNATIONALE INDIRECTE ET LA SOUMISSION AU TRIBUNAL ÉTRANGER SELON LA COUR SUPRÊME DU CANADA APRÈS L’ARRÊT BARER C KNIGHT BROTHERS
Keywords:International jurisdiction, Mirror, Substantial connection, Submission, Evidence/Proof
The author draws on the recognition of a foreign judgment in Quebec to contest the appropriateness of the Supreme Court of Canada decision in the Barer case, which placed the burden of proof on the plaintiff for establishing jurisdiction of a foreign court, contrary to the letter and spirit of art. 3155 CCQ. The author criticizes the majority opinion regarding the standard of submission to the foreign court, which rejects a theory that truly considers the defendant’s intention. He approves of the majority opinion’s finding that case law supports the use of discretionary power (art. 3164 CCQ) in connection with a rule of direct jurisdiction (art. 3168 CCQ).