LE MANQUEMENT À LA NORME DE DILIGENCE ET LA FAUTE DANS LE CADRE DU DÉLIT DE NÉGLIGENCE (COMMON LAW) ET DE LA RESPONSABILITÉ EXTRACONTRACTUELLE DU FAIT PERSONNEL (DROIT CIVIL) AU CANADA: UNE ÉTUDE COMPARÉE
Keywords:standard of care, fault, civil law, common law, comparative law, Canada, CCQ section 1457, tort of negligence
This study aims to describe the principles that govern breaches of the standard of care (in the common law tort of negligence) and fault (personal extra-contractual liability in the civil law—CCQ section 1457). More specifically, it focuses on the reasonable person and their conduct in the two legal traditions in Canada. The author tries to determine the degree to which the applicable rules in this area converge. Research into the sources of common law and civil law reveals a remarkable convergence of these rules as well as areas in which they diverge.